The Animal Welfare Act Broken Down

The Animal Welfare Act 2006, an overhaul of pet abuse laws, came into force in England and Wales in 2007. The Act was the first review of pet law in 94 years. It aimed to update the Protection of Animals Act 1911, making the law reflect 21st-century practice and the developments in veterinary science. The

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Right to British Citizenship

Introduction A person can acquire British citizenship in many ways. In this article we will explore a person’s involuntary or direct claim to British citizenship without naturalisation. Read Time: 5 minutes ___________________________________________________________________________  What is on this page? Introduction British National People Born in the UK before 1983 People Born before 1983 but Outside the UK

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British citizenship by naturalisation

Introduction Naturalisation is a process which allows a foreign national adult who has a settled status, often known as Indefinite Leave to Remain in the UK, to acquire British citizenship. In this news article, we will explore how a person can acquire British citizenship through naturalisation. Read Time: 5 minutes ___________________________________________________________________________  What is on this

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Social housing and a tenant’s right to repair

Introduction Under social housing, the tenant has a right to repair. By law, the landlord is under a duty to maintain the residential property in good repair. Where a landlord fails or refuses to carry out necessary repairs, a tenant can enforce this obligation of repair in a number of ways In this article, we

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Introductory Tenancies: What to expect?

Introduction The Housing Act 1996 introduced a new form of non-secure tenancy or licence known as an ‘introductory’ tenancy.  Introductory tenancy is also known as trail tenancy. It is common nowadays that certain social housing tenants are offered with or granted with the introductory tenancy. In this news article, we will explore introductory tenancy and

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What counts as knife and gun crime?

‘Knife crime’ is simply any crime that involves a knife. Basic laws on knives state that it is: It’s illegal to: sell a knife to anyone under 18, unless it has a folding blade 3 inches long (7.62 cm) or less carry a knife in public without good reason, unless it has a folding blade

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What is hearsay evidence and why it is not accepted by the Courts?

Introduction The hearsay evidence is a problematic issue in criminal law. Article 6(3) (d) of European Convention on Human Rights guarantees to a defendant the minimum right “to examine or have examined witnesses against him. The right of a fair trial under article 6 requires that an accused/defendant should be given an adequate and proper

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Growing Epidemic of Domestic Violence

Introduction Domestic Violence is any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are or have been, intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality. The abuse can involve, but is not limited to: •    Psychological •    Physical • 

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Vicarious Liability

Employer’s vicarious liability to protect employees from injuries and harms Introduction to Vicarious Liability Under vicarious liability, an employer will be held responsible for the wrongs committed or injury and harm caused by his  employees in the course of employment subject to the following conditions The existence of an employer-employee relationship The employee must have

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